UNLIREC y Trinidad y Tobago unen esfuerzos para prevenir financiamiento de la proliferación y finalizar el Plan Nacional de Acción para la implementación de 1540

Construyendo sobre la misión previa llevada a cabo en julio, los representantes del Centro Regional de las Naciones Unidas para la Paz, el Desarme y el Desarrollo en América Latina y el Caribe (UNLIREC) regresaron a Trinidad y Tobago en noviembre y diciembre para continuar trabajando con las autoridades del Gobierno en la implementación de una legislación nacional que aborde el financiamiento de las actividades de proliferación de armas de destrucción masiva (ADM).

Los talleres sobre la elaboración de leyes se centraron en la creación de nuevas disposiciones penales para tipificar como delito el financiamiento de la proliferación e introducir nuevas penalidades para tales actividades. Asimismo, se prestó atención a la ampliación de la función, el rol y el alcance de los poderes legislativos requeridos por la Unidad de Inteligencia Financiera de Trinidad y Tobago que permitan la regulación del financiamiento de la proliferación, así como del lavado de dinero y el financiamiento del terrorismo.

Se prestó especial atención a la implementación de las Resoluciones del Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas (UNSCR) sobre las sanciones y restricciones específicas para la República Popular Democrática de Corea (RPDC) e Irán, respectivamente. Dadas las fechas de la celebración del taller de diciembre, la publicación de la última resolución de sanciones a la RPDC (UNSCR 2321 [2016]) significó un oportuno recordatorio sobre la preocupación que ocasiona en el clima mundial de seguridad la proliferación de las ADM.

Asimismo, además de los talleres sobre la prevención del financiamiento de la proliferación, UNLIREC aprovechó la oportunidad para proporcionar apoyo en el Plan de Acción Nacional voluntario de Trinidad y Tobago (NAP, por sus siglas en inglés) que articula el plan nacional para la implementación de la Resolución 1540 (2004). Se espera que Trinidad y Tobago presente su Plan de Acción Nacional a inicios del 2017.

UNLIREC conducts two-day legal drafting work session in support of 1540 implementation

Dominican Republic submitted its voluntary national implementation action plan to the 1540 Committee in November 2015 demonstrating its commitment to the mandate of the UNSCR 1540 (2004) and aiding the country to implement its obligations. Within its action plan, Dominican Republic mapped out a series of specific objectives and activities as well as committed, as one of the country`s priorities, to strengthen its legal framework, including the modernization of WMD legislation.

Accordingly from 29 to 1 October 2015, a team of legal experts from UNLIREC traveled to Santo Domingo to hold a legal drafting session with Dominican counterparts. Upon request, UNLIREC’s legal specialists returned to the Dominican Republic from 5 to 6 April 2016, to follow up on the draft WMD law that was developed during the previous work-session and to provide comments and feedback. UNLIREC’s specialized legal team was joined by a former member of the Group of Experts to the 1540 Committee who provided technical support on the topic.

This work-session, which included 21 (5 female) legal advisors and representations from the various relevant institutions, focused on reviewing the draft WMD law in line with the provisions of Resolution 1540. In this regard, the discussions were focused on ensuring that the text of this document meets the obligations of this international instrument on the nonproliferation of WMD.

As a next step to this process, UNLIREC and the technical experts from Dominican Republic will continue reviewing the draft WMD law. Likewise, UNLIREC will support the country in developing additional subsidiary regulations including a national control list, once the bill of law is finalized.

This draft law constitutes a significant step forward in the country’s efforts to strengthen implementation of UNSCR 1540 (2004) and will provide Dominican Republic with a solid legal basis for adopting trade controls and measures to counter the proliferation of WMD.

For more information on UNLIREC visit (www.unlirec.org). Please direct all questions or inquiries to Amanda Cowl, Political Affairs Officer (cowl@unlirec.org).

Belize committed to further strengthening implementation of its WMD controls

As part of UNLIREC’s technical assistance package to strengthen the implementation of resolution 1540 in the Caribbean, the Government of Belize and UNLIREC organized a national roundtable in Belmopan on February 23. This event brought together over 10 high level representatives from various institutions and agencies in Belize to discuss the findings and recommendations of UNLIREC’s study on the existing legal framework on 1540, and served as an opportunity to actively engage with the different stakeholders and explain the nature and scope of the review and of the technical assistance package in general. As well, additional information was gathered on the implementation of the resolution in the country, and a series of priority areas were identified for the delivery of further technical assistance in the coming months.

During the one day discussions, senior officials from a range of relevant institutions and agencies benefited from a series of presentations from the Group of Experts assisting the 1540 Committee on the nature and scope of UNSCR 1540(2004), and from UNLIRE C officials who introduced the content of the assistance package as well as a detailed account of the comprehensive review of the country’s legislation and potential recommendations for addressing challenges. Finally, the CARICOM 1540 Coordinator informed the audience of the work that this regional organization has undertaken in the past years.

In the afternoon panel, moderated by Mr. George Lovell, CEO of the Ministry of National Security, participants presented their comments and observations on potential priority areas for further assistance and training, and agreed to continue discussing these through internal deliberations that will be summoned for the coming weeks. The main issues addressed included the need to adopt a more robust legal framework on WMD matters, the necessity of summoning additional agencies to the table (Ministry of Health, Financial Intelligence Unit, among others), as well as the convenience of attempting to consolidate a coordinated work plan for the implementation of the resolution.

UNLIREC reiterated its willingness to support Belize should ongoing internal deliberations result in a specific request for technical assistance.

For more information on UNLIREC visit [www.unlirec.org]. Please direct all questions or inquiries to: Ms. Amanda Cowl, Political Affairs Officer, [cowl@unlirec.org].

South American regional workshop on the implementation of United Nations Security Council resolution 1540 (2004)

The Government of Peru, in cooperation with the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) through its Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC), hosted a regional workshop on the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004) for South American States.

The workshop takes place on 11-13 November 2014 in Lima and is organized with funds provided by the European Union, the Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States of America.

The Security Council, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, unanimously adopted resolution 1540 (2004) on 28 April 2004 obliging all States to enforce effective measures and establish domestic controls to prevent the proliferation of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and their means of delivery to non-State actors.

To this end, States are required to develop and maintain appropriate effective measures to account for and secure such items in production, use, storage or transport and to develop and maintain appropriate effective physical protection measures.

The workshop in Lima is the first workshop for South American States on the implementation of resolution 1540 (2004) focusing on the issue of effective physical protection and accounting of related materials.

Representatives of eleven Member States as well as international and regional organizations will attend the workshop. Participating States will engage in information exchange and experience sharing, and discusse effective national practices for implementing resolution 1540 (2004) as well as cooperation with relevant international and regional partner organizations.

For more information on UNLIREC visit (www.unlirec.org.) Please direct all questions or inquiries to: Ms Amanda Cowl, Political Affairs Officer, at (cowl@unlirec.org).

Source: UNLIREC

Grenada makes progress in implementing UN Security Council resolution 1540(2004) on the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction

UNLIREC officially launched its 1540 Programme with its first field activity in Grenada. This forms part of UNLIREC’s new 1540 assistance package for the Caribbean, which benefits from funding from US Department of State’s Bureau of International Security and Non-proliferation (ISN), aimed at assisting States in the region in their implementation of the resolution. On 10 June 2014, UNLIREC, together with an expert assisting the 1540 Committee and the CARICOM 1540 Coordinator, met with officials from the Office of the Attorney General of Grenada and the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to present the programme and the main conclusions of its national study on the country’s legislation in non-proliferation matters. During the meeting, UNLIREC expressed its intention to build upon the work that both the 1540 Committee and CARICOM have been undertaking in Grenada, and further assist the country in addressing the main needs and challenges arising in the implementation of the resolution.

During the following two days, UNLIREC chaired a roundtable attended by close to 15 institutions and agencies from Grenada to share the findings and recommendations of its national study on the current legal framework in Grenada vis-à-vis the obligations contained in both UN Security Council resolution 1540(2004) and the main international conventions and instruments on nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, their means of delivery and related material.

Commending the progress made by Grenada since the adoption of the resolution in 2004, UNLIREC highlighted the need to enact specific legislation to address issues, such as transportation, transfer and transshipment of nuclear, chemical and biological materials, as well as adopt comprehensive control lists for certain items that are proliferation-sensitive.

Together with representatives of the various institutions present, a tentative work plan was drawn up with specific activities and training sessions, including the proposed visit by a South African delegation in July to address aspects of UNSCR 1540(2004) operative paragraph 3 (c) and (d) to assist Grenada in the elaboration of control lists and legal drafting on export controls, and the possibility of joining forces with the International Maritime Organisation, the US Department of Energy and INTERPOL to provide assistance and training in certain fields of law enforcement, port security and border controls and commodity identification.

The United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC) forms part of the Regional Disarmament Branch (RDB), one of five branches of the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA). UNLIREC is the only UN regional entity specialized in disarmament and non-proliferation in the Latin American and Caribbean region. Its main function is to translate the decisions, instruments and commitments of Member States in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation into action, at national, sub-regional and regional levels. In short, UNLIREC supports Latin American and Caribbean States in achieving and maintaining peace and security through disarmament.

For more information on UNLIREC visit (www.unlirec.org.) Please direct all questions or inquiries to: Ms Amanda Cowl, Political Affairs Officer, at (cowl@unlirec.org).