On 25 August, UNLIREC and the Government of Peru held a working meeting on the national implementation of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) and the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540. This activity brought together 23 representatives from 12 state entities, including Ministries and other institutions, such as: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Defense, Health, Agriculture, Justice and Human Rights, Interior, Environment, Production, INDECI, among others.
The objective of the session was to present to the working table the main comments from UNLIREC’s legal team regarding the “Bill on the Prohibition of Biological and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction”. The strengthening of the national regulatory framework in the field of non-proliferation of biological weapons was considered a priority by Peru in its Roadmap on the implementation of Resolution 1540. This activity is part of UNLIREC’s 1540 assistance package currently in execution thanks to the financial support from Canada.
As a result, the representatives from the different sectors began the debate on the basic issues to be considered in the preliminary analysis of the bill and its effective adaptation to the international obligations assumed by Peru in the field of non-proliferation of biological arms. In addition, basis were set for the next working meeting, the second in a series aimed at accompanying the Government of Peru in its national efforts to align and adapt the national legal framework with the mandates of the BWC and Resolution 1540.
On 9 November 2017, UNLIREC representatives travelled to Paramaribo, Suriname as part of UNLIREC’s UNSCR 1540 implementation programme to host a combined workshop focusing on the development of Suriname’s voluntary National Action Plan (NAP) and the creation of an inter-institutional mechanism.
The workshop was a follow-on event from the National Legal Study Roundtable held in April 2017 and it provided a forum for national authority representatives to come together, with UNLIREC’s assistance, to develop a draft NAP document that sets out Suriname’s plan for implementing resolution 1540.
Participating agencies included the Ministries of Defense; Foreign Affairs; Civil Aviation Safety Authority Suriname; National Assembly; Suriname Police Corps; Bureau of National Security; Central Bank of Suriname; National Assembly; and Customs. The event was ultimately very fruitful with a draft NAP produced before the conclusion of the day’s event.
Suriname, through its Ministry of Defense, has sustained strong efforts in relation to the resolution’s implementation throughout the year. UNLIREC welcomes the opportunity to provide Suriname with continued assistance both in the further elaboration of its draft NAP and more broadly, through UNLIREC’s other disarmament programmes.
On 24 July 2017, the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC) co-hosted a UNSCR 1540 National Roundtable Workshop with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Antigua and Barbuda.
The event brought together representatives from a broad range of national authorities including the Ministries of Foreign Affairs; Legal Affairs; Trade and Commerce, Office of National Drug and Money Laundering Control Policy; Pesticides and Toxic Chemicals Control Board; Analytical Services; Customs; and the Antigua and Barbuda Police and Defence Forces. Additionally, the workshop was attended by VERTIC, Stimson Centre and CARICOM’s 1540 Regional Implementation Coordinator.
The roundtable provided a forum for delivery of the findings and recommendations of UNLIREC’s National Legal Study of Antigua and Barbuda’s domestic legislative framework, as well as to introduce the national action plan concept within the Antiguan context. Dialogue exchanges were fruitful, lively and demonstrative of the strong commitment and will of the agencies and institutions around the table to continue strengthening measures and adopting effective mechanisms to combat WMD proliferation.
UNLIREC look forward to returning to St John’s in the near future to continue working with national authorities in the identification of national priorities associated with the implementation of UNSCR 1540. This collaborative event is financed in its entirety by the Government of Canada and forms part of a wider UNLIREC Programme aimed at supporting State implementation of UNSCR 1540 (2004).
On 7 March, UNLIREC held consultations with the Government of Peru to elaborate its Draft National Action Plan on implementation of UNSCR 1540 (2004). This meeting brought together 19 representatives from nine institutions and agencies, including Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Production, National Police, Customs & Excise National Agency and Fire Department, among others.
During the one-day workshop, the group discussed the content of a Voluntary National Action Plan that is to be submitted to the 1540 Committee in the near future. UNLIREC seized the opportunity to provide support in the process of identifying needs, priorities and next steps to articulate national efforts towards UNSCR 1540 implementation. In particular, issues relating to the modernization of non-proliferation legislation, including in the biological ambit, and institutional strengthening and training needs were pointed out by authorities as essential areas to be addressed.
Prior to this workshop, in November 2016, UNLIREC presented its national legal study and its main recommendations to Peruvian authorities for better aligning 1540 obligations with national provisions.
This meeting forms part of the Canadian funded portion of UNLIREC’s 1540 Assistance Package.
On 4 October 2017, UNLIREC travelled to Georgetown, Guyana to co-host a National Action Plan (NAP) workshop with Guyana’s Ministry of Public Security as part of UNLIREC’s Programme for Strengthening the Capacities of States in Latin America and the Caribbean to Implement UNSCR 1540 (2004).
The NAP workshop was a follow-on event from the recently held National Legal Study roundtable and it provided a forum for national authority representatives to come together, with UNLIREC’s assistance, to develop a draft NAP document that sets out Guyana’s plan for implementing resolution 1540.
Participating agencies included the Ministries of Foreign Affairs; Public Health: Public Affairs; Agriculture; Finance; Guyana Revenue Authority; Guyana Police Force and Guyana Defence Force. The roundtable workshop was also attended and supported by Dr Richard Cupitt, Senior Associate Stimson Centre as well as a member of the 1540 Group of Experts.
The workshop proved to be extremely productive, with a draft NAP produced before the day concluded.
UNLIREC looks forwards to having the opportunity to provide Guyana with continued assistance both in the further elaboration of its draft NAP for UNSCR 1540 implementation and more broadly, through UNLIREC’s other disarmament programmes.