UNLIREC conducted Firearms and Ammunition Evidence Management Course in the Dominican Republic

Faced with the challenges posed by armed violence in Latin America and the Caribbean and as part of the assistance provided by UNLIREC to the States in the region, the Firearms and Ammunition Evidence Management Course (EMC) was carried out in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic from 5 to 7 March 2019. The objective of the course is to build the capacities of first responders, personnel from specialized areas, experts, justice operators, among others to adequately process crime scenes and evidence in cases involving firearms and ammunition.

During the three days of EMC, the 30 participants received theoretical and practical training in firearm and ammunition identification and guidelines. The course also included good practices for ensuring the competent management of crime scenes, evidence processing and analysis, as well as the correct utilization of the chain-of-custody system, among other useful tools to strengthen the investigation process and intelligence related to cases involving firearms and ammunition.

As a cross-cutting theme of the course, the gender perspective was incorporated as an additional tool to strengthen the criminal investigation process, and urge the participants to increase communication and cooperation among all the actors involved in the different stages addressed in the course, in order to optimize individual and collective efforts to take a stand against firearm related crimes. In this way, the participants contribute to reducing the levels of impunity and improving citizen confidence towards justice and security institutions.

This specialized course was developed within the framework of the “Building Momentum for the Regional Implementation of A/RES/65/69 on Women, Disarmament, Non-Proliferation and Arms Control” project, which is implemented thanks to the financial assistance of the Canadian Government.

UNLIREC and the Government of Paraguay held an Executive Workshop on best practices for the prevention and reduction of the risk of diversion of arms, ammunition, parts and components

The United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC) continues to support State efforts to achieve effective implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). Within this context, UNLIREC and Paraguay’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs held an Executive Workshop on best practices for the prevention and reduction of the risk of diversion of arms, parts, components and ammunition.

The two-day activity (26-27 February) was open to officials responsible for or involved in the control of conventional arms transfers and the implementation of the ATT. Participants included the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations in New York, Directorate of War Material, National Police, Public Ministry, National Customs Directorate, National Anti-Drug Secretariat, National Defense Commission of the National Congress and the Money Laundering Prevention Secretariat.

This activity was preceded by a first technical Workshop, which aimed to increase technical knowledge of the obligations of the Treaty. The second Workshop also intended to expand knowledge of the Treaty with special emphasis on import control and evaluation of conventional arms exports. In this regard, UNLIREC led an interactive exercise incorporating a fictitious export evaluation methodology highlighting the risk of diversion, along with the presentation of tools for import control, aimed at end user controls.

All project-related activities are funded by the ATT Voluntary Trust Fund, of which Paraguay is a beneficiary and in which UNLIREC, at the request of the Paraguayan authorities, is the main implementing partner.


UNLIREC continues Resolution 1540 Assistance Package in Peru

On February 21st, 2019, UNLIREC and the Government of Peru held the workshop Moving towards a national regulation against biological weapons. The activity was part of the implementation roadmap of Resolution 1540 and had as its main goals: deepening knowledge on the main conventional instruments on weapons of mass destruction and to resume the drafting of an instrument on the prohibition of biological weapons and the regulation of aspects associated to biological related materials for proliferation prevention.

This meeting brought together 26 representatives from 7 institutions and agencies, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Defense, Health, Production, Environment, National Police and National Superintendence of Tax Administration and the Peruvian.

During the workshop, participants received information on the content of the main non-proliferation treaties and conventions, plus Resolution 1540, in addition to the measures needed for its national implementation. The representatives of the different institutions and sectors were also able to discuss and exchange information on aspects related to the modernization of the national legislation, particularly in the biological field.

Earlier this year, between November 14th and 16th UNLIREC had the opportunity to support national authorities in the organization of a round table to strengthen Resolution 1540.

This workshop is part of UNLIREC’s 1540 Assistance Package with financial support from Canada.

UNLIREC provides assistance to the Dominican Republic in the implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC) continues to assist States of the region with the objective of supporting their efforts to implement the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). UNLIREC, with the collaboration of the Ministry of Interior and Police, carried out a Second Implementation Course of the Arms Trade Treaty (CITCA), which was held in Santo Domingo, from February 11th to February 14th.

Along four days, 25 participants, representing 8 institutions, analyzed the arms trade context in Latin America and the Caribbean, classified weapons and elements under the scope of the Treaty, expanded their knowledge on applicable regulatory provisions and became familiar with various topics such as end use and end user documentation, the national control list or the export assessment, among other topics to which the ATT makes reference. The theoretical sessions were complemented, during the last day sessions, with two practical exercises, in which participants simulated the assessment of two export applications, in line with the provisions of the ATT and from the perspective of the national control authority.

CITCA aims to provide States with sufficient tools to ensure the effective implementation of the Treaty, so that adequate control mechanisms are established for international transfers of conventional weapons, their ammunition and their parts and components, with the ultimate goal of reducing the undesired consequences of legal trade of these elements as well as their diversion.

This activity took place within the framework of the implementation of the Dominican Republic ATT´s project, thanks to the financial support of the Voluntary Trust Fund of the Arms Trade Treaty.


CARICOM IMPACS, US Department of State and UNLIREC facilitate National Authorities Meeting on Preventing Firearms Trafficking

From 29-30 January 2019, the CARICOM Implementation Agency for Crime and Security (IMPACS), in its role as the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI) Secretariat, in partnership with the US Department of State and UNLIREC, hosted a meeting in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, for national authorities on the prevention of firearms trafficking.

This meeting, which falls under the 2010 CBSI framework, sought to strengthen cooperation among Caribbean states on regional security issues, as well as international partners, with a view to addressing firearms trafficking and building forensic ballistics capabilities. Moreover, participants sought to reach a consensus on the relevant actions needed to address this scourge. In-depth deliberations focused on, inter alia, firearms legislation reform, trafficking trends, improving coordination and ballistic information sharing among agencies and strengthening the CARICOM Regional Integrated Ballistic Information Network (RIBIN).

Close to 60 State representatives and officials from CARICOM Member States, the Dominican Republic and international organizations, including UNODC, the OAS and INTERPOL were present.

The final draft of an updated list of Priority Actions for CARICOM Member States will be forwarded for consideration by the CARICOM political directorate for implementation.

UNLIREC organized a course for Interdicting Small Arms, Ammunition and their Parts and Components through X-ray technology in Peru

Lima, Peru. From 3 to 7 December, the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC) in coordination with the National Superintendence for the Control of Security Services, Arms, Ammunition and Explosives for Civilian Use (SUCAMEC, in Spanish) and the company SECURITAS carried out the Course for Interdicting Small Arms, Ammunition, their Parts and Components (ISAAP), which was aimed at X-ray scanner operators with responsibilities in the control of postal packages, couriers, luggage and others, assigned at entry, exit and other strategic points in Peru.

This course, held for the first time in Peru, trained about 40 participants from the National Superintendence of Tax Administration (SUNAT, in Spanish), the Peruvian Postal Services (SERPOST, in Spanish), the National Penitentiary Institute (INPE, in Spanish), as well as personnel from private security companies of SECURITAS and Hermes.

Through a theoretical-practical methodology, participants were trained to strengthen their capacities in the interpretation of X-ray images with a focus on the identification of small arms, ammunition, their parts and components that can be transported in packages, parcels and luggage. The course for ISAAP also included a series of online training sessions through the platform developed by the Center for Adaptive Security Research and Applications (CASRA), as well as a series of practical exercises and concealment methods.

UNLIREC has designed this course to assist Latin American and Caribbean States in their efforts to combat illicit arms trafficking in line with international instruments on the subject, thus contributing to reducing the undesirable effects of small arms proliferation and armed violence in the region.

This edition of the course for ISAAP was made possible thanks to the financial support of the Federal Republic of Germany.