La Oficina de Asuntos de Desarme de la ONU entrega cizallas hidraulicas a las Bahamas para la destrucción de armas de fuego

El Centro Regional de las Naciones Unidas para la Paz, el Desarme y el Desarrollo en América Latina y el Caribe (UNLIREC) de la Oficina de Asuntos de Desarme de las Naciones Unidas, con el apoyo financiero de la Oficina para la Eliminación y Reducción de Armas del Departamento de Estado de Estados Unidos, ha procurado y enviado al gobierno de las Bahamas un equipo de cizallas hidráulicas con el fin de asegurar que gobierno tiene una capacidad permanente de recursos humanos y técnicos para destruir las armas de fuego excedentes, decomisadas u obsoletas.

La entrega de estas cizallas forma parte del Paquete de Asistencia para la Destrucción de Armas de Fuego y Gerencia de Arsenales de UNLIREC que se orienta a la lucha contra el tráfico ilícito de armas al reducir el riesgo de robo, desvío de la posesión del gobierno de armas de fuego, municiones y explosivos excedentes, decomisados u obsoletos. De acuerdo al Paquete de Asistencia, UNLiREC ya ha realizado una evaluación nacional en línea base y ha proporcionado candados estándares internacionales para mejorar los niveles de almacenamiento y seguridad en los arsenales claves del gobierno.

La Fuerza Real de la Policía de las Bahamas recibió las cizallas para su instalación. El 14 de mayo de 2012, UNLIREC proporcionó capacitación de éstas a 16 oficiales de la Fuerza Real de la Policía, la Fuerza Real de Defensa, las Prisiones de Su Majestad, Aduanas e Inmigraciones de las Bahamas que resultó en la simbólica destrucción de 42 armas.

Adicionalmente, la asistencia por parte de UNLIREC al Gobierno de las Bahamas y a los demás países del caribe beneficiados, de acuerdo al Paquete de Asistencia para el periodo Junio 2012 – Mayo 2013, incluye entre otros:

Desarrollo de metodologías de verificación y seguimiento de armas independientes.
Establecimiento de métodos seguros y eficientes para la destrucción y disposición de armas de fuego, municiones y explosivos excedentes basados en estándares de la ONU.
Examinación legal de la legislación nacional y regulaciones en el Caribe para asegurar al Estado conforme a los instrumentos internacionales claves.

UNLIREC and the OAS make progress in the study on the implementation of CIFTA in the region

(Lima) – Within the cooperation framework established between the Organization of American States (OAS) and UNLIREC, a study has been undertaken to ascertain the extent to which the Inter-American Convention Against Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (CIFTA) has been implemented. UNLIREC completed a comparative legislative study for 12 States in the region. The studies will be presented at the Third Conference of the States Parties to be held in Washington DC on 14-15 May 2012.

Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela all formed part of the study. In the case of Guatemala and Panama, having already participated in the 2010 Central American study, they were updated to reflect the new national legislation on firearms, ammunition and explosives. The studies on the Central American States were presented by the OAS and UNLIREC in connection with the working meeting entitled “legislative progress to prevent and combat illicit firearms trafficking in Central America” in September 2011 at the SICA headquarters in El Salvador.

It is important to note that CIFTA is currently the only legally binding regional instrument for Latin America and the Caribbean, and has been ratified by 31 States in the region. The Convention emphasizes the need for permits or licenses for export, import and transit and the strengthening of checkpoints for exports, among others.

UNLIREC trains federal forces on stockpile risk management and security planning in Argentina

On 29-30 November 2012, the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs, through its Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC) in collaboration the Ministry of Security of the Republic of Argentina trained 30 officials on firearms and ammunition stockpile management risk assessment and security planning. Officials were trained from the key federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Police, Airport Police, National Gendarmerie and the Coast Guard.

In August 2012 UNLIREC signed an agreement with the Ministry of Security of the Republic of Argentina to provide technical assistance in the area of small arms, light weapons and ammunition stockpile management. To date, UNLIREC has supported the Ministry in undertaking baseline assessments of federal stockpile facilities and in making recommendations for essential improvements to infrastructure, standard operating procedures and the training of personnel.

The assistance that UNLIREC provides to the Government of Argentina is based on the draft UN International Small Arms Control Standards (ISACS) and the UN International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG). Efforts to build government officials’ stockpile management capacities and improve infrastructure of facilities where weapons, ammunition and explosives are stored are essential measures for preventing theft, loss and diversion, as well as accidents. Such measures are key commitments taken on by States within the framework of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.

For more information on UNLIREC, please visit: www.unlirec.org.

Please direct all inquiries to: Ms. Carina Van Vliet, Political Affairs Officer (vanvliet@unlirec.org).

UNLIREC Assists Caribbean States to Strengthen Capacity in Combating Illicit Firearms Trafficking

On 16 April 2012, the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs, through its Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC), launched a training course to combat illicit firearms trafficking for security sector officers of Member States of the Caribbean region.

The 10-day training course is scheduled to run until 27 April 2012, in Port of Spain, with the support of the Government of Trinidad and Tobago.

This regional Inter-Institutional Training Course on Combating the Illicit Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives (IITC) will train more than 50 security sector and law enforcement officers from 12 Member States of the Caribbean region: Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago.

Participants will learn interactive firearms investigation techniques, technical aspects of weapons and ammunition identification, intelligence gathering and crime scene management, tracing and preparation of evidence in criminal proceedings, as well as practical disarmament measures such as weapons destruction and stockpile management. The course also covers cross–cutting issues related to the use of force, gender awareness and child protection. The sub-regional course will introduce new issues, such as maritime security, container search and identification of armed individuals.

Since 2004, UNLIREC has trained over 3,000 law enforcement officers in Latin America and the Caribbean, strengthening the capacities of States in the region to address the problem of the proliferation of and trafficking in illicit firearms.

This training course is part of UNLIREC’s Firearms Assistance Package to Caribbean States, which began in 2010, with the financial support of Canada and the United States of America.

UNLIREC´s Assistance Package strengthens State capacity to implement relevant international and regional disarmament instruments such as the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and the CIFTA Convention.

In parallel to this sub-regional training course, UNLIREC will also provide technical assistance to the Government of Trinidad and Tobago in the destruction of surplus and obsolete firearms and ammunition.

UNLIREC steps up efforts in Guatemala to prevent armed violence and combat illicit firearms trafficking

Legal practitioners in Guatemala received focused training on combating illicit firearms trafficking through UNLIREC’s Specialized Training Course celebrated in the country’s capital. In parallel, UNLIREC held a regional best practice seminar on policy development in firearms control and armed violence prevention with policy-makers on 5 September. Both activities were carried out in collaboration with the Technical Secretariat of the National Security Council.

During the four-day specialized course, 28 legal practitioners and judicial officials were exposed to relevant national and international legal frameworks, inter-institutional and international cooperation mechanisms; and technical aspects of firearms and ammunition, including ballistic information. All participants are now better equipped with the necessary technical and practical knowledge and legal tools to assist them in their efforts to more effectively combat the scourge caused by illicit trafficking in firearms. Participants came from a variety of governmental institution, including the Office of the Public Prosecutor, National Civilian Police, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the National Firearms Control Directorate.

The high-level policy seminar, on the other hand, brought together 26 high level representatives to contextualize the phenomenon of armed violence in Latin America and expose decision-makers to a wide range of policies related to firearms control measures and armed violence prevention and reduction initiatives. Two emblematic regional “best practices” were presented during the one-day seminar, namely, the Weapons Free Zone (WFZ) Programme from El Salvador, implemented in more than 30 municipalities across the country, and Brazil´s well-known Disarmament Campaign and Statute, which – to date – represents the most important disarmament campaign undertaken in the continent. Participants from the Technical Secretariat of the National Security Council, Ministry of Government, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Parliamentarians, CSOs, and advisor in the public security sector used the information acquired to contribute to their resolve in combating illicit firearms trafficking in their country and the region.

These activities form part of the technical assistance provided by UNLIREC to the Latin American region in support of these countries’ efforts to enhance public security and aid in State implementation of the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects (UN 2001 PoA).

For more information on UNLIREC visit [www.unlirec.org]. Please direct all questions or inquiries to Ms Amanda Cowl,

Political Affairs Officer, at [cowl@unlirec.org].

UNDP and UNLIREC assist Ecuador and Colombia in Strengthening their Capacity to Fight Illicit Firearms Trafficking at the Border

On 7 July 2012, in the city of Tulcan, the bi-national training course on combating the illicit trafficking in firearms, ammunition and explosives on the border between Colombia and Ecuador concluded with the training of 40 law enforcement officers. The majority of those trained operate in border zones, thus guaranteeing that the knowledge gained will be applied to their daily work in the field. Ecuador’s Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Interior, Coordinating Ministry of Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Attorney General´s Office, Ecuadorian Armed Forces, Armed Forces of Colombia, Ecuadorian National Police and Customs were all represented during the six day course.

The course was carried out in accordance with the bi-national agreements on strengthening border control between the Governments of Ecuador and Colombia, which aim to promote prosperity and positive living along the shared border.

The participants received specific training from international and regional experts on the circulation of firearms, ammunition and explosives and their impact on the common border zone. During the course, numerous topics were covered, including techniques for the investigation and tracing of illegal small arms and light weapons, technical aspects related to the identification of firearms and ammunition, related national and international legal frameworks, intelligence gathering and judicial evidence management. The organizing institutions (Government of Ecuador, UNDP’s Peace and Development Programme for the Northern Border and UNLIREC) addressed a number of cross-cutting issues related to the use of force, the impact of armed violence on children and women, and the protection of women and children.

The bi-national course has been adapted from UNLIREC’s “Inter-Institutional Training Course on Combating the Illicit Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives” aimed at strengthening the capacity of the Ecuadorian and Colombian border officers on specific aspects of preventing illicit arms trafficking in border zones, including techniques for examining vehicles and cross-border information exchange. Additionally, new practical exercises designed for this purpose were introduced.

This course forms part of the technical assistance that UNDP and UNLIREC provide to the Latin American Region in support of these countries’ efforts to ensure citizen security and the implementation of the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects (UN 2001 PoA) and Decision 552 of the Andean Community of Nations (CAN).

For more information on UNLIREC visit [www.unlirec.org]. Please direct all questions or inquiries to: Ms Amanda Cowl, Political Affairs Officer [cowl@unlirec.org].