What We Do

UNLIREC has established itself as a dynamic centre specialized in assisting States in combating illicit trafficking in firearms, ammunition and explosives. It is increasingly being called upon to apply its human and technical resources for institutional capacity-building, legal assistance and advocacy in a range of peace and security matters relevant to the region. These issues include, but are not limited to, arms control, armed violence reduction, the privatization of security, confidence-building measures, and the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs).

UNLIREC addresses pressing regional challenges in three main areas:

  • Public Security
  • Disarmament Advocacy
  • Confidence- and Security-building

Public Security

Aim: Strengthen the institutional capacities of States to better control the trade in firearms, ammunition and explosives and prevent their illicit trafficking. Building on UNLIREC's success in the area of public security and the recent demand by States for sub-regionally focused initiatives, UNLIREC developed tailor-made sub-regional assistance packages for the Andean Region, The Caribbean, and Central America.


Disarmament Advocacy

Aim: Expand the capacity and knowledge of States to implement international disarmament agreements with a view to strengthening the implementation and reporting on these instruments, including the UN 2001 PoA on Small Arms, UN Firearms Protocol, International Tracing Instrument (ITI), CIFTA Convention, UNSCR 1540(2004) on the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, UNSCR 1325(2000) on women, peace and security, Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC), Treaty of Tlatelolco, sub-regional instruments, among others. Advocacy is practiced through capacity-building seminars and workshops, and dissemination of disarmament material.


Confidence- and Security-building

Aim: Promote transparency and build confidence and security between and among States for the consolidation of peace and enhanced security in favour of regional development.