What We Do

Name of Project:

Inter-institutional Training Course on Combating the Illicit Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives (IITC)


UNLIREC's trademark training course builds the capacities of Latin American and Caribbean States to implement international instruments in the area of firearms control, including the UN 2001 PoA on Small Arms, and the International Tracing Instrument (2005). By enhancing the technical knowledge and practical techniques of a wide range of mid-level security sector personnel, they better equipped to combat the illicit trafficking in firearms, ammunition and explosives and prevent the diversion of legal weapons into illicit markets.

The IITC is a comprehensive 10-day course (7.5 days of theory and 2.5 days of practical exercise in the field) focusing on providing participants with technical skills readily transferable to their daily professional tasks, such as the identification of firearms, ammunition and explosives, the appropriate and gradual use of force and practical disarmament measures, as well as over-arching security-related concepts, such as national, regional and human security, human rights, gender, and youth.

Governments are urged by UNLIREC to guarantee a minimum participation of 25% women in all IITC Courses. UNLIREC now offers a specialized training course aimed specifically at women security sector personnel (Women-only-Training) on investigative techniques to prevent illicit firearms trafficking.

Since its inception in 2004, UNLIREC has trained over 3,200 law enforcement officials throughout the region.

Target Group:

Operational to mid-level security sector personnel from the police, armed forces, intelligence, judicial and customs sectors.


  • Transfer practical knowledge and skills immediately applicable to participants professional responsibilities to combat illicit firearms trafficking.
  • Stimulate and encourage inter-institutional communication and collaboration to combat illicit firearms at the operational level.
  • Provide a standardized course format and materials that national government partners can easily replicate after receiving initial training and assistance.
  • Fill important gaps in national curricula by promoting the incorporation of UNLIREC's standardized training methodology into existing police academy training programmes.

Papers and Publications:

IITC Training Manual
The second edition of the "Inter-institutional Training Course on Combating the Illicit Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives (IITC)" Manual provides the security sector participant with both the theoretical and technical orientation necessary to address illicit firearms trafficking through the entire law enforcement cycle eginning with the process of gathering intelligence and concluding with the presentation of evidence in criminal proceedings.

If interested in receiving additional information on the IITC Manual, please submit a written request to: programme@unlirec.org